GS-PAPER 2

SYLLABUS

Section 1: Polity and governance

Indian polity and governance-constitution, political system, panchayati raj, public policy, rights issues, etc.

  • Indian constitution
    • Historical underpinnings
    • Evolution
    • Features
    • Amendments
    • Significant provisions
    • Basic structure
  • Centre-state
    • Functions and responsibilities of the union and the states
    • Issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure
    • Devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
  • Separation of powers between various organs
  • Dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
  • Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries.
  • Parliament and state legislatures
    • Structure
    • Functioning
    • Conduct of business
    • Powers & privileges and issues.
  • Executive and the judiciary
    • Structure
    • Organization
    • Functioning
    • Ministries and departments of the government
    • Pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the polity.
  • Salient features of the representation of people’s act.
  • Constitutional posts
    • Appointment
    • Powers
    • Functions
  • Responsibilities of various constitutional bodies.
  • Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.
  • Important aspects of governance
    • Transparency and accountability
    • E-governance applications
    • Models
    • Successes
    • Limitations
    • Potential
    • Citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
  • Role of civil services in a democracy.

Section 2: International relations.

  • India and its neighbourhood- relations.
  • Groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.
    • Bilateral
    • Regional
    • Global
  • Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on
    • India’s interests
    • Indian diaspora
  • Important international institutions, agencies and forums.
    • Structure
    • Mandate