Section 1: Indian heritage and culture, History of the world.
Art and culture
- Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of following from ancient to modern times
- Art forms
History of India and Indian national movement.
- Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present-
- Significant events, personalities, issues.
- The freedom struggle
- Its various stages
- Important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.
- Events from 18th century such as
- Industrial revolution
- World wars
- Redrawal of national boundaries.
- Colonization and decolonization.
- Political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.
- Their forms and effect on the society.
Section 2: Society
- Salient features of Indian society
- Diversity of India.
- Role of women and women’s organizations.
- Population and associated issues.
- Poverty and developmental issues.
- Urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
- Effects of globalization on Indian society.
- Social empowerment.
- Communalism, regionalism & secularism.
General studies- II: Social justice
- Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
- Development processes and the development industry —the role of NGO’s, SHG’s, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.
- Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the centre and states
- Performance of these schemes
- Mechanisms, laws, institutions
- Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
- Issues relating to development and management of social sector/services relating
- Human resources
- Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
Section 3: Geography of India and the world
Indian and world geography-physical, social, economic geography of India and the world.
- Salient features of world’s physical geography.
- Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including south Asia and the Indian sub-continent)
- Factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India).
- Important geophysical phenomena such as
- Volcanic activity
- Cyclone etc.,
- Geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.