Section 1: Indian heritage and culture, History of the world.

Art and culture

  • Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of following from ancient to modern times
    • Art forms
    • Literature
    • Architecture

Modern History

History of India and Indian national movement.

  • Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present-
    • Significant events, personalities, issues.
    • The freedom struggle
      • Its various stages
      • Important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.
    • Post-independence
      • Consolidation
      • Reorganization

World History

  • Events from 18th century such as
    • Industrial revolution
    • World wars
    • Redrawal of national boundaries.
    • Colonization and decolonization.
    • Political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.
      • Their forms and effect on the society.

Section 2: Society

  • Salient features of Indian society
  • Diversity of India.
  • Role of women and women’s organizations.
  • Population and associated issues.
  • Poverty and developmental issues.
  • Urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
  • Effects of globalization on Indian society.
  • Social empowerment.
  • Communalism, regionalism & secularism.

General studies- II: Social justice

  • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
  • Development processes and the development industry —the role of NGO’s, SHG’s, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.
  • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the centre and states
    • Performance of these schemes
    • Mechanisms, laws, institutions
    • Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
  • Issues relating to development and management of social sector/services relating
    • Health
    • Education
    • Human resources
  • Issues relating to poverty and hunger.

Section 3: Geography of India and the world

Indian and world geography-physical, social, economic geography of India and the world.

  • Salient features of world’s physical geography.
  • Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including south Asia and the Indian sub-continent)
  • Factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India).
  • Important geophysical phenomena such as
    • Earthquakes
    • Tsunami
    • Volcanic activity
    • Cyclone etc.,
  • Geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

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