14 Aug 2020

Chilika LakeQuick read

Why in news?

  • The Odisha Wetland Authority has approved implementation of an integrated management plan for Chilika, India’s largest brackish water lagoon, and Ansupa lake. The five-year management of lakes is intended at strengthening livelihood of thousands of fishermen relying on the two water-bodies.

About the lake

  • Chilika is Asia’s largest and world’s second largest lagoon.
  • It spreads over Puri, Khurda and Ganjam districts of Odisha on the east coast of India, at the mouth of the Daya River.
  • It is separated from the Bay of Bengal by a small strip of sand.
  • It is the largest wintering ground for migratory birds on the Indian subcontinent.
  • In 1981, it was designated the first Indian wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention.
  • Satapada, a Sea Mouth Island where Chilika Lake meets the Bay of Bengal, is home to the Irrawaddy dolphins.
  • Nalbana Bird Sanctuary or Nalbana Island is the core area of the Chilika Lake.

Ansupa Lake:

  • It is Odisha’s largest freshwater lake.
  • It is a horseshoe shaped lake on the left bank of the Mahanadi river, in Cuttack district.
  • It acts as a shelter for the migratory birds in the winter season.
  • It is situated amidst the Saranda Hills.

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