Recently the Supreme court of India lifted its earlier interim order imposing a complete ban on construction, industrial activities and felling of trees in the Taj Trapezium Zone (TTZ). Supreme Court was hearing a plea filed by environmentalist MC Mehta pertaining to the protection of Taj Mahal, the fragile ecosystem surrounding it and construction in the Taj Trapezium Zone (TTZ)
Taj Trapezium Zone (TTZ)
- It is a defined area of 10,400 sq km around the Taj Mahal to protect the monument from pollution.
- The Supreme Court of India delivered a ruling on December 30, 1996, regarding industries covered under the TTZ, in response to a PIL seeking to protect the Taj Mahal from environmental pollution.
- It banned the use of coal/ coke in industries located in the TTZ with a mandate for switching over from coal/ coke to natural gas, and relocating them outside the TTZ or shutting down.
- The TTZ comprises monuments including three World Heritage Sites the Taj Mahal, Agra Fort and Fatehpur Sikri.
- TTZ is so named since it is located around the Taj Mahal and is shaped like a trapezoid.
- It has four-zone which named ad Red, Green, Orange and White
Powers of TTZ
- Monitor the progress of implementation of various schemes for protection of the Taj Mahal and programmes for protection and improvement of the environment in Taj Trapezium Zone
- Exercise powers under section 5 of the Environment Protection Act, 1986
- Take all necessary steps to ensure compliance of specified emission standards by motor vehicles and ensuring compliance of fuel quality standards.
- Deal with any environmental issue which may be referred to it by the Central Government or the State Governments of Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan relating to the Taj Trapezium Zone.