13 Jul 2020
Why is it in the news?
- NADCP was launched recently, aimed at eradicating ‘Foot and Mouth disease’ (FMD) and ‘Brucellosis’ in livestock.
What is this program?
NADCP programme aims to
- Vaccinate over 500 million livestock heads, including cattle, buffalo, sheep, goats and pigs against FMD.
- Vaccinate over 36 million female bovine calves annually against Brucellosis.
- The programme has received 100% funding from the Centre, for 5 years until 2024.
- The NADCP aims to control these 2 diseases by 2025 and to eradicate them by 2030.
FMD (Foot and Mouth disease)
- It is a highly infectious viral disease of livestock.
- It is generally not fatal in adult animals but leaves them severely weakened.
- It results in a drastically reduced production of milk.
- Therefore, it financially ruinous for dairy farmers.
- Infected animals get a fever, sores in their mouth, on their teats, and between their hooves.
- It spreads through excretions and secretions, infected animals also exhale the virus.
- It is endemic in several parts of Asia, most of Africa, and the Middle East.
- Australia, New Zealand, Indonesia, Central, North and Latin America, continental Western Europe are FMD-free.
- This is a zoonotic disease that is endemic in most parts of the country.
- It causes early abortions in animals and prevents the add it