28 Apr 2020

New Rotavirus VaccineQuick read


Context: Hyderabad-based Bharat Biotech launched its advanced version of rotavirus vaccine – Rotavac 5D, to tackle viral diarrhoea

  • Earlier vaccines 
    • Not swallowed completely by children 
    • It occupied larger storage space 
    • Storage temp of -20 degree celsius
  • Bharat Biotech has concentrated the larger dose into 0.5 ml quantity and will require between two to eight degrees celsius storage temperature, 
  • Rotavirus- It is a double-stranded RNA virus 
  • Rotavirus is transmitted by the faecal-oral route, via contact with contaminated hands
  • Symptoms include 
    • fever, nausea, and vomiting, 
    • cough and runny nose.
    • Diarrhea, dehydration.


  • WHO prequalifies new rotavirus vaccine
  • WHO prequalified Rotasil, an oral rotavirus vaccine produced by Serum Institute of India.
  •  Rotasil is the first Rotavirus vaccine with heat stable characteristics, which makes it particularly suitable for use in low-income countries, where weak infrastructure and frequent lack of electricity make refrigeration very difficult.

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