12 Dec 2019

Brasilia Declaration of 11th BRICS summit

Source: PRS India

India participated in the 11th BRICS summit held on November 14, 2019. After the summit, Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa released a joint statement referred to as the Brasilia Declaration. The Declaration addressed strengthening global multilateral systems, economic cooperation, regional conflicts, and intra-BRICS cooperation. 

Key Highlights of the Declaration:  

  • Strengthening & inclusivity in multilateral systems: The Declaration addressed the need for inclusivity in the multilateral system, including the United Nations, its Security Council, the International Monetary Fund, and the World Trade Organisation. Further, observing the importance of sustainable development goals and the Paris agreement on climate change, it addressed the need for developed countries to provide resources and other assistance to developing countries.  
  • Economic cooperation: The Declaration highlighted the importance of trade between BRICS nations. Further, it observed the need for investment and infrastructure to improve trade. It condemned unilateral and protectionist measures, and recommended open markets and fair business and trade environment.  
  • Regional conflicts: The Declaration observed regional conflicts in Syria, Yemen, Israel-Palestine, the Gulf region, Libya, and Afghanistan. It recognised the need for collective efforts for peaceful settlement of disputes, and the role of the UN Security Council as bearing the primary responsibility for maintaining international peace and security. 
  • Intra-BRICS cooperation: The Declaration acknowledged cooperation among BRICS nations on various subjects such as security, science, technology, industrial growth, environment, energy, finance, trade, and fighting corruption.